之前在做公司项目的一个功能需要写WebSerice接口,写完之后我们老大说也可以用HttpClient来写接口,所以写了一个接口例子。

添加依赖

<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
    xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/maven-v4_0_0.xsd">
    <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>
    <groupId>com.wyj</groupId>
    <artifactId>wyj-interface-client</artifactId>
    <packaging>war</packaging>
    <version>0.0.1-SNAPSHOT</version>
    <name>wyj-interface-client Maven Webapp</name>
    <url>http://maven.apache.org</url>
    <dependencies>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>junit</groupId>
            <artifactId>junit</artifactId>
            <version>4.12</version>
            <scope>test</scope>
        </dependency>
        <!-- http -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.apache.httpcomponents</groupId>
            <artifactId>httpclient</artifactId>
            <version>4.5.4</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>com.alibaba</groupId>
            <artifactId>fastjson</artifactId>
            <version>1.1.41</version>
        </dependency>

        <!--webservice cxf -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.apache.cxf</groupId>
            <artifactId>cxf-rt-transports-http</artifactId>
            <version>3.1.8</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.apache.cxf</groupId>
            <artifactId>cxf-rt-frontend-jaxws</artifactId>
            <version>3.1.8</version>
        </dependency>

    </dependencies>
    <build>
        <finalName>wyj-interface-client</finalName>
    </build>
</project>

HttpClient客户端

可以传输json和map数据,可以使用get和post请求,详情见备注

package http;

import java.io.IOException;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.Map;
import java.util.Map.Entry;

import org.apache.http.HttpStatus;
import org.apache.http.NameValuePair;
import org.apache.http.client.ClientProtocolException;
import org.apache.http.client.entity.UrlEncodedFormEntity;
import org.apache.http.client.methods.CloseableHttpResponse;
import org.apache.http.client.methods.HttpGet;
import org.apache.http.client.methods.HttpPost;
import org.apache.http.entity.ContentType;
import org.apache.http.entity.StringEntity;
import org.apache.http.impl.client.CloseableHttpClient;
import org.apache.http.impl.client.HttpClients;
import org.apache.http.message.BasicNameValuePair;
import org.apache.http.util.EntityUtils;
import org.junit.Test;

import com.alibaba.fastjson.JSON;

/**
 * http客户端
 * 
 * 
 * @author:WangYuanJun
 * @date:2017年12月20日 下午8:26:51
 */
public class HttpClientTest {

    /**
     * post请求传输map数据
     * 
     * @param url
     * @param map
     * @param encoding
     * @return
     * @throws ClientProtocolException
     * @throws IOException
     */
    public static String sendPostDataByMap(String url, Map<String, String> map, String encoding) throws ClientProtocolException, IOException {
        String result = "";

        // 创建httpclient对象
        CloseableHttpClient httpClient = HttpClients.createDefault();
        // 创建post方式请求对象
        HttpPost httpPost = new HttpPost(url);

        // 装填参数
        List<NameValuePair> nameValuePairs = new ArrayList<NameValuePair>();
        if (map != null) {
            for (Entry<String, String> entry : map.entrySet()) {
                nameValuePairs.add(new BasicNameValuePair(entry.getKey(), entry.getValue()));
            }
        }

        // 设置参数到请求对象中
        httpPost.setEntity(new UrlEncodedFormEntity(nameValuePairs, encoding));

        // 设置header信息
        // 指定报文头【Content-type】、【User-Agent】
        httpPost.setHeader("Content-type", "application/x-www-form-urlencoded");
        httpPost.setHeader("User-Agent", "Mozilla/4.0 (compatible; MSIE 5.0; Windows NT; DigExt)");

        // 执行请求操作,并拿到结果(同步阻塞)
        CloseableHttpResponse response = httpClient.execute(httpPost);
        // 获取结果实体
        // 判断网络连接状态码是否正常(0--200都数正常)
        if (response.getStatusLine().getStatusCode() == HttpStatus.SC_OK) {
            result = EntityUtils.toString(response.getEntity(), "utf-8");
        }
        // 释放链接
        response.close();

        return result;
    }

    /**
     * post请求传输json数据
     * 
     * @param url
     * @param json
     * @param encoding
     * @return
     * @throws ClientProtocolException
     * @throws IOException
     */
    public static String sendPostDataByJson(String url, String json, String encoding) throws ClientProtocolException, IOException {
        String result = "";

        // 创建httpclient对象
        CloseableHttpClient httpClient = HttpClients.createDefault();

        // 创建post方式请求对象
        HttpPost httpPost = new HttpPost(url);

        // 设置参数到请求对象中
        StringEntity stringEntity = new StringEntity(json, ContentType.APPLICATION_JSON);
        stringEntity.setContentEncoding("utf-8");
        httpPost.setEntity(stringEntity);

        // 执行请求操作,并拿到结果(同步阻塞)
        CloseableHttpResponse response = httpClient.execute(httpPost);

        // 获取结果实体
        // 判断网络连接状态码是否正常(0--200都数正常)
        if (response.getStatusLine().getStatusCode() == HttpStatus.SC_OK) {
            result = EntityUtils.toString(response.getEntity(), "utf-8");
        }
        // 释放链接
        response.close();

        return result;
    }

    /**
     * get请求传输数据
     * 
     * @param url
     * @param encoding
     * @return
     * @throws ClientProtocolException
     * @throws IOException
     */
    public String sendGetData(String url, String encoding) throws ClientProtocolException, IOException {
        String result = "";

        // 创建httpclient对象
        CloseableHttpClient httpClient = HttpClients.createDefault();

        // 创建get方式请求对象
        HttpGet httpGet = new HttpGet(url);
        httpGet.addHeader("Content-type", "application/json");
        // 通过请求对象获取响应对象
        CloseableHttpResponse response = httpClient.execute(httpGet);

        // 获取结果实体
        // 判断网络连接状态码是否正常(0--200都数正常)
        if (response.getStatusLine().getStatusCode() == HttpStatus.SC_OK) {
            result = EntityUtils.toString(response.getEntity(), "utf-8");
        }
        // 释放链接
        response.close();

        return result;
    }

    @Test
    public void testSendPostDataByMap() throws ClientProtocolException, IOException {
        String url = "http://localhost:8080/httpService/sendPostDataByMap";
        Map<String, String> map = new HashMap<String, String>();
        map.put("name", "wyj");
        map.put("city", "南京");
        String body = sendPostDataByMap(url, map, "utf-8");
        System.out.println("响应结果:" + body);
    }

    @Test
    public void testSendPostDataByJson() throws ClientProtocolException, IOException {
        String url = "http://localhost:8080/httpService/sendPostDataByJson";
        Map<String, String> map = new HashMap<String, String>();
        map.put("name", "wyj");
        map.put("city", "南京");
        String body = sendPostDataByJson(url, JSON.toJSONString(map), "utf-8");
        System.out.println("响应结果:" + body);
    }

    @Test
    public void testSendGetData() throws ClientProtocolException, IOException {
        String url = "http://localhost:8080/httpService/sendGetData?name=wyj&city=南京";
        String body = sendGetData(url, "utf-8");
        System.out.println("响应结果:" + body);
    }

}

HttpClient服务端

package com.wyj.http;

import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse;

import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestBody;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMethod;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RestController;

import com.alibaba.fastjson.JSON;
import com.alibaba.fastjson.JSONObject;

/**
 * http服务端
 * 
 * 
 * @author:WangYuanJun
 * @date:2017年12月21日 下午8:27:08
 */
@RestController
@RequestMapping("/httpService")
public class HttpServiceTest {

    @RequestMapping(value = "/sendPostDataByMap", method = RequestMethod.POST)
    public String sendPostDataByMap(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response) {
        String result = "调用成功:数据是 " + "name:" + request.getParameter("name") + " city:" + request.getParameter("city");
        return JSON.toJSONString(result);
    }

    @RequestMapping(value = "/sendPostDataByJson", method = RequestMethod.POST)
    public String sendPostDataByJson(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response, @RequestBody String requestBody) {
        JSONObject jsonObject = JSONObject.parseObject(requestBody);
        String result = "调用成功:数据是 " + "name:" + jsonObject.getString("name") + " city:" + jsonObject.getString("city");
        return JSON.toJSONString(result);
    }

    @RequestMapping(value = "/sendGetData", method = RequestMethod.GET)
    public String sendGetData(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response) {
        String result = "调用成功:数据是 " + "name:" + request.getParameter("name") + " city:" + request.getParameter("city");
        return JSON.toJSONString(result);
    }
}

调用后返回结果输出为

HttpClient-result

项目地址

SpringBoot整合的HttpClient客户端地址
SpringBoot整合的HttpClient服务端地址