本文介绍docker如何创建并进入MYSQL容器。

运行”docker pull mysql”获取mysql镜像

[root@localhost ~]# docker pull mysql  
Using default tag: latest  
latest: Pulling from library/mysql  
85b1f47fba49: Pull complete   
5671503d4f93: Pull complete   
3b43b3b913cb: Pull complete   
4fbb803665d0: Pull complete   
05808866e6f9: Pull complete   
1d8c65d48cfa: Pull complete   
e189e187b2b5: Pull complete   
02d3e6011ee8: Pull complete   
d43b32d5ce04: Pull complete   
2a809168ab45: Pull complete   
Digest: sha256:1a2f9361228e9b10b4c77a651b460828514845dc7ac51735b919c2c4aec864b7  
Status: Downloaded newer image for mysql:latest  

在后台启动mysql容器(–name指定了容器的名称,方便之后进入容器的命令行,MYSQL_ROOT_PASSWORD=admin指定了mysql的root密码,-d表示在后台运行)

Administrator@SKY-20170607FIJ MINGW64 ~
$ docker run --name mysql -p 3306:3306  -e MYSQL_ROOT_PASSWORD=admin -d mysql
c6215e8c1fd73bc395a0c92e93f7e7145baedbe99c7ff639ccc9f5641bddf583

进入容器bash并进入mysql命令行:

Administrator@SKY-20170607FIJ MINGW64 ~
$ docker exec -it mysql bash
root@c6215e8c1fd7:/# mysql -uroot -padmin
mysql: [Warning] Using a password on the command line interface can be insecure.
Welcome to the MySQL monitor.  Commands end with ; or \g.
Your MySQL connection id is 5
Server version: 5.7.20 MySQL Community Server (GPL)

Copyright (c) 2000, 2017, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Oracle is a registered trademark of Oracle Corporation and/or its
affiliates. Other names may be trademarks of their respective
owners.

Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the current input statement.

mysql> show databases;
+--------------------+
| Database           |
+--------------------+
| information_schema |
| mysql              |
| performance_schema |
| sys                |
+--------------------+
4 rows in set (0.00 sec)

mysql>

退出mysql镜像

输入

exit